Wednesday, 21 October 2015

Cu Chulainn - One-Eyed Hero.

"The essential part of the military initiation consisted in ritually transforming the young warrior into some species of predatory wild animal. It was not only a matter of courage, physical strength, or endurance, but of a magico-religious experience that radically changed the young warrior's mode of being. He had to transmute his humanity by an excess of aggressive and terrifying fury that made him like a raging short, he no longer felt bound by the laws and customs of men."

Code of the Warrior - Mircea Eliade.

There are certain essential points to be made of this quote -

  • This speaks of the cultic-warrior who forms part of the cultic-warrior brotherhoods known as the Aryan Mannerbunde. The God of the Mannerbund was Woden himself - the 'God of the Club'. 
  • The transformation into the wolf, bear or boar (or other wild animals) effected a change into the warrior being outside the laws, rules and customs of the society, and thus a Wolf's Head. The term warg, wearg, varg came to me one who was banished, but its original meaning would have been that of the 'outlaw' and 'outcast' who had to leave the social order and remain outside the 'boundary' of the tribe, cast into a liminal state of consciousness, neither in one world or the other. 
  • The 'aggressive and terrifying fury' is the Teuton Fury also known as the Wolfish-Rage or the Berserker-Rage. This is the wod from which we get the force personified by Wode and then the master of this force Woden

The God that led the cultic war-band was Woden, the One-Eyed Hunter-God; in this role he is the Horned God and The Hooded One/The Masked One. 

"His hair stood on end so that it seemed as if each separate hair on his head had been hammered into it...He closed one eye so that it was no wider than the eye of a needle; he opened the other so that it was as large as the mouth of a mead-goblet...The Champion's Light rose above his head..."

This passage refers to the Ulster Hero Cu Chullain ('Hound of Culan'), known in Northern Ireland Scotland and the Isle of Man. This describes what is known as the fearg which means 'fury' and refers to the Wolfish-Rage (he is the 'hound'). Indeed, the word fearg is the equivalent to the Germanic wearg meaning 'wolf' in the sense of the 'outlaw'. The root comes from a Proto-Germanic Root *werghez meaning 'to strangle'. This, of course, refers to their link to the God of the Hanged - Woden. 

The Torc worn by the AEthlingas - the Warrior Caste - can be clearly seen to be a twisted cord which when worn around the neck could be seen to represent the hangman's noose, thus hinting that these were dedicated to Woden (or whatever title was used by the Germano-Celtic Tribes) as the Hanged God and God of the Hanged. The word torc stems from 'torque' which means 'to twist', 'to turn' or 'to wind'. 

We can see in the above quote that Cu Chulainn turns into a one-eyed figure and this is the state of transformation into the One-Eyed Hunter-God or One-Eyed Wolf-God - Woden. This is further borne out in another passage from 'The Wasting Sickness of Cu Chullainn' which relates that -

"...all of the Ulaid women who loved him blinded one eye in his likeness..."

This seems to suggest that the One-Eyed Hunter-God (Woden) was turned into a heroic figure in later times, perhaps due to Christian influence. This is not the only case of one-eyed figures occurring in Ireland and Scotland since we can find similar tales of other figures who share the same characteristic -

  • In a tale called 'The Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel'  we find a figure called Fer Caille who is described as being a hideous black giant with spiked hair, a single eye, foot and arm, and brandishing a huge club. This is deemed by Celtic scholars to be the Wild Herdsman, which is another title for the 'Lord of Animals' also being the 'Lord of the Trees' - Herne the Hunter. Interestingly this figure is linked to the Baor, and thus to Frey and Freya. 
  • In a later section of the tale a massive army is led by a one-eyed warrior named Ingcel, and thus the tale links to another one found in Denmark with the very same theme, but in the Danish tale the warrior is called Ingeld. (We should note the names related to Ingwe.)
  • In yet another tale we find that a Macc Oc's foster-father loses an eye, and the name Macc Oc means 'the son of' and is directly related to Ingwe. In similar tales we find the names Oenghus, Aengus or Angus all of which are the direct equivalent to Ingus or Inguz which is a variant of Ingwe. 
These similarities may not be 'borrowings' since I would suggest they have a common source in the ancient land of At-al-land which was the northern continent much of which sank under the North Sea some 7,000 years ago in a catastrophe. This being so these myths are Ario-Germanic Myths (Northern European) originally. As we have gone some way to proving, these islands were not 'Celtic' at all but were made up mainly of Germanic Folk with a mixture of Gallic peoples from Southern Europe and migrations from the South.

To further prove this point 'The Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel' is based around the Winter Sunstead period of the year, and the four main points of the 'Celtic' (Gallic) calender are the X-points and not the points that include the Winter Sunstead, this being a Germanic Festival. We can find Germanic Myth throughout these islands since the peoples are a mixture, and the idea that Wales, Scotland and Ireland are somewhat 'different' and 'Celtic' is a modern invention - one suited to our oppressors who work through the 'divide and conquer' method. In very ancient times we can see that Ingwe-Inguz is a figure found throughout these islands (except Wales, but even there we find Woden as Gwydio/Wydion).

Our Aryan Myth is not a 'child's tale', a fantasy, but is an Eternal Truth that manifests itself at times in historical events. Myth seems to impinge upon historical events, throwing up heroic figures in times of dire need, figures living an archetypal myth rather than the mundane life of the masses. This archetypal myth appears from another world, from another dimension in order to change things in this world. 'The Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel' is similar to the story in the Icelandic Hrolf's Saga where a great hall is burnt down; this is also found in the English Beowulf. The myth centres around the Winter Sunstead period in December or in some places like Holland the 'Yule' is celebrated on Woden's Day (St. Nocholas' Day) which is December 6th. 

In regard to the appearance of Fer Gaille his 'black' appearance is not due to his being of African descent but to his links to the dead. This still appears within our Germanic traditions in such  a figure found in Holland, Zwarte Pieter ('Black Peter') who accompanies Sinter Klaas (Santa Clause) - this is celebrated in Woden's Day (December 6th) and in this original form he rides a White Horse, the reindeer being a later version when the whole thing was transported to the North Pole and then Lapland. This also comes out in certain former heathen dances where the participants 'black-up', since these are a remembrance of such warrior-bands as the Harii who 'blacked-up' as part of their appearance of terror - all part of the Indo-European Mannerbund. 'Blacking-up' today is seen as 'racist' in certain quarters and the blacked up dancers and even Zwarte Pieter have been targeted - leave us something of our own tradition and culture or you'll have nothing to moan about! 

His stance of closing the right eye, standing on the right leg and putting his right arm behind his back is a typical Crane-Stance which emphasises the left-side or 'sinister side', and, of course, the Left-Hand Path. (The actual form is the loss of the eye leg and arm but the stance would better be done through how I have described it above - saves a lot of pain!) 

Black your horse, black your cloak,
Black your head and black yourself,
Black skull, are you the Frenzied One?

'The Coming of the King' - Nikolai Tolstoy.

'Distorted was the guise of Grim upon the windy pinnacle of Wodnes-beorg: grimes wrasen, masked and twisted....Round spun the Masked One, revolving ever faster in his frenzy....'

'The Coming of the King' - Nikolai Tolstoy.

Thursday, 15 October 2015

Wudga & Hama

Wudga and Hama are paired in some Old English texts, and they parallel Witega and Heime in German tales. Wudga, Witega or Widia is the son of Wayland, or usually seen as the son of Wayland, whilst Hama or Heime is the god Heimdall. In the past I have seen fit to associate these two with the Divine Twins, or rather as an aspect of the Divine Twins. The Old English witega refers to a 'seer' or 'prophet' and this aspect must be taken in context, for Hama is the god who incarnates to instate or reinstate the Divine Order of the Gods - The Caste System or Racial Order. It seems clear that the two have differing roles, but appear at the same time as the Divine Twins. 

I see Wudga as being akin to Woden in some strange way, since we see Woden as a 'seer' or a 'prophet' (he morphed into 'Merlin' in the Middle Ages). We have shown before how the Incarnation of Wotan appeared in Germany during the last century, so we have actual proof that this god-form resurrects in order to save his people and in this case to change the world-order. In the god Wid-Ar we can see an extension of this concept in that he is resurrected with the death of his father - Woden. 

The role of Wudga (Woden) would thus be that of the Leader of the War-Band, who would take the road of 'Chaos' in order to reinstate the Divine Order that has been broken through the Evil Powers that have taken control of the world. Wudga (when seen as an aspect of Woden) is the power that parallels the 'Dark Knight' in having to work outside the rules and laws of society in order to combat a corrupt and degenerate society. The 'Dark Knight' works outside the law to combat the forces that have themselves worked outside the law to crush all of the Divine Law set down by the Gods - 'The Joker' ('The Trickster' maybe) in one sense. Thus Woden-Wudga takes the Left-Hand Path which - as we find in Tantric Lore - uses methods taken from the more chaotic and sinister side. Chaos combats chaos! That is how it must be. This is why we find that every concept related to the Germanic Mannerbund, whither in Germania, India, Persia and throughout the Indo-Germanic world is found to be related to a group of 'outsiders', 'outlaws' who work outside the rules of the social order, dress in black, and use the Black Flag and the Death's Head Symbol. The leader is Woden as the One-Eyed Hunter-God - the Wild Huntsman.

We see that in every legend and mythology concerning such Cultic Brotherhoods these are feared or shunned by those within a stable society. This is because of the way they work, their involvement in the Left-Hand Path and their chaotic and disordered lives, living outside the 'norm', outside the 'boundary' of a civilised society - Barbarians. Often these brotherhoods are suppressed and go underground, no doubt since they would be rather awkward when times are stable. Going underground meant that they would surface again at the right time - indeed this seems to have been true of the Holy Vehm which had a similar type of structure and maintained order through working outside the laws of society - working to their own laws. 

Hama is the God of Order who reinstates the Divine Social Order of the Gods; his role runs parallel to that of Woden-Wotan but is not the same. He incarnates in the flesh at the same time but as the role of Manu or Rig-Hama in recreating the Divine Order of Race - renewing the Caste System in other words. He thus works at an entirely different level, for his role is aimed at the future as much as the time in which he resurrects. His role is to recreate the Aryan Aristocracy which has been destroyed by the Forces of Darkness and Evil. 

In the role of the Divine Twins we can see an Archetypal Ur-Myth in which one twin is Immortal, the other Mortal. Hence it seems clear that, like Elijah (Old Testament) and Romulus (Rome) the founding twin is Immortal and rises up to the heavens - or in our day we would see a legend that he did not die but lived on after, being built around him after his departure. This we can relate to Wudga since in one German Legend he (Witega) rides his horse into a lake and is never seen again. His departure (like that of Krishna too) would herald the end of a cycle, as that of Krishna ended the cycle after the great war of the Mahabharata. It seems logical to see Hama (in this role) as the Mortal Twin. 

This is rather a difficult concept to grasp, since there is so little knowledge of the Divine Twins in any of the mythologies. In  the case of Hengest and Horsa (nearest to the English) we find Horsa being slain in battle and Hengest going on to conquer the new lands - they are clearly the Founding Twins. There is also some kind of crossover between the roles of Wudga and Hama as can be seen from what has already been said. It is thus difficult to tell one from the other. 

The Folk-Leader or Fuhrer (*) takes the role of Woden - is Woden - as the Leader of the War-Band. Indeed, the woda-force is by nature a chaotic force of ecstasy, intoxication, divine 'madness', hence its role in the Germanic Mannerbund. We need only refer to the essay 'Wotan' by Carl Gustav Jung to recognise the nature of this force, though Jung seems to have missed the point that this force is necessary to bring order out of chaos. 

(*) This is used here in the true sense of being related to the 'Teuton Fury' or 'Berserker-Rage' which is an aspect of Woden as his name suggests - he is the 'Master of Wod. The alternative name of the Wild Army is 'The Furious Host' which underlines this idea. 

In today's world we can see the re-emergence of this power through the Spirit of Woden moving within groups that use the tactic of torchlight marches - a method used by various different movements throughout Europe. This is the 'Light in the Darkness', the powers that work through the darkness - against the darkness. This is the role of the Shadow-Warrior who combines within himself the Power of Light and the Power of Darkness in balance. He works for the Light Forces and worsk under the cover of darkness and night - using the Left-hand Path. This is where Woden's Folk took a leading role, in creating a new Folkish Religion firmly based on Woden as the One-Eyed Hunter-God, something that many Odinists and Asatru fail to grasp, still sticking to the 'Viking era'. Here in England it is not widely recognised that the figure of our own Folk-Hero - Robin Hood - is far nearer to the true and original role of Woden as the One-Eyed Hunter-God and Leader of the War-Band - the Wolf's Heads.

The term 'wolf's heads' came to mean one who was banished from the tribe, but I would suggest that this is a later interpretation and the original concept was that of the Shadow-Warrior who leaves the tribe and societal rules behind to live in the wilderness, there to train in warfare and survival, learn the Archetypal Myth of the Great Cosmic War, and return as the Tribal Leader (Shaman-Leader) in order to take up the struggle in this Cosmic War. The term 'Wolf's Head' would thus refer to the wearing of the wolf-mask and wolf-cloak (Hooded Cloak) in the service of the Wolf-God, Woden. 

The Resurrection of Woden.

This work resulted from a number of points raised by Wulf Veldasson (Wotan's Krieger) which are of extreme importance to the study that we have done on Wid-Ar who is the archetype of the new world-age the ‘Age of the Son’. The figure of Wid-Ar is not well known and has been seen as a god of the future by many Odinists. Within Wodenism we see Wid-Ar as being the resurrection of Woden after he is swallowed by the Fenris Wolf.

The points that Wulf Veldasson made originated from ideas by George Dumezil who sees Wid-Ar as a very ancient Indo-European archetype linked to Vishnu, through the prefix ‘Vi-‘. Whether the fact that the two gods have the same prefix for their name links them in any way is highly debatable, but they do seem to be the same archetype. Dumezil seems to think that Wid-Ar is

  •     Aligned with vertical space since he has his hands on the lower and upper wolf’s jaws, and horizontal space due to the wide steps he makes and his strong shoe.
  •     Keeps the wolf from destroying the cosmos, i.e. he is the ancient god who appears at the right time to save the cosmos from destruction.  

Wid-Ar is the ‘Silent Ase’ and the ‘Avenging Ase’ and Dumezil equates his silence with that of a ritual silence undertaken prior to an act of vengeance. He is also known as Wid-Ar the Avenger. He is nearly as strong as the god Thunor and the gods rely upon him at times of immense difficulties.

Woden and Wid-Ar visited the three Wyrd Sisters in order to seek Wid-Ar’s fate. The three sisters answered thus

‘Early begun!’
‘Further spun!’
‘One day done!’

Wyrd, the Primaeval Goddess of Fate, added -

‘With joy once more won!’

They learned that the circling ages roll on and change, past, present, future, passing away and beginning again. When the All-Father falls on Vigrid he is resurrected as his son Wid-Ar. Wid-Ar the Silent is the Avenging God and the God of Victory, for it is he that brings the renewal of nature and ushers in a new Golden Age.

The Myth of Wid-Ar tells us that Woden wed Grid who was a giantess living in a cave in a desert. The offspring of their union was Wid-Ar which tells us that he represents the union of Woden (Spirit) and Grid (Matter), and that he is incarnated into matter in order to avenge the Gods and Folk. He is the Forest Warrior who personifies the primaeval forests and the imperishable forces of nature. He lived in Landvivi (‘Wide-Land’) within the primaeval forest where deep silence and solitude ruled.

He wields a sword and is shod with either an iron or leather shoe, depending upon accounts we have given down to us. It is said that Grid gave him his iron shoe, but other accounts tell that his shoe was made of scraps of leather discarded by shoe-makers. Whatever the case the shoe needed to be strong enough to withstand the jaws of the Fenris Wolf. This, then is his prime role, to rip open the jaws of Fenris and allow the Spirit of Woden to escape destruction.

He is the symbol of resurrection and renewal which is the vital force that we need today in our dying world. It should be noted that both Wali and Wid-Ar are gods born for the sole purpose of vengeance, Wali to avenge Baldaeg and Wid-Ar to avenge Woden. Wali’s Day is now called ‘St, Valentine’s Day’ where he is remembered as a God of Lovers, his true role having been distorted through time. Since ‘St. Valentine’s Day’ falls on February 14th this is his time of the year; he is followed by Wid-Ar whose time is around the Spring Equinox, for he heralds the New Dawn of the Cycle.

We have used the unusual spelling ‘Wid-Ar’ because this best suits our own Wodenic Lore since it can be broken into two parts, each of which tell us much more about this god – Wid this can mean ‘wide’ which refers to his being the ‘Wide-Strider’ which links him to Orion the Hunter whom the Egyptians called the ‘Wide-Strider’. It can also be seen as ‘widu’ which means ‘woodland’, for he is the Woodland God and the Woodland Warrior. The Old English *wid or *wit means ‘wise’ and gave rise to the term ‘witan’. This root is also connected to the term ‘veda’ which means ‘wisdom’. It is quite possible that the famous Saxon Hero, Widukind (Wittekind), was the ‘Child of Wid-Ar’ and the ‘White Child’, for *wit could also be seen as ‘white’. This is the 'White Rider'. 

Wid    ‘to see’, ‘to know’.
-   ‘to pierce’, ‘to perforate’.
-   ‘to break through’

From these meanings we can see that he is a god that ‘knows’, he is a God of Knowledge like his father Woden. He is also able to break through and penetrate which tells us that he is the god who breaks down barriers and forces his way through obstacles. Only Thunor is said to match him in his strength. There is a root-word sequence connected to his name 

Wad   Wed   Wid   Wod   Wud

Ar This root-word of our word Arya which came to mean ‘noble’ but originally referred to the ‘Shining Ones’ or ‘Solar Race’. The root *ar- or *ari refers to ‘movement’ and thus to the Life-Force of the Gods and Life-Force of the Cosmos. The root-words ar, ara, ari, har, hari, harri, hara heri, here, heru, hero etc. are all connected to the term Arya.

The Old English widre means ‘to withstand’, i.e. ‘resistance’ and this is an ideal meaning of this god who is the ‘God of Resistance’. This is also true of the German ‘widder’ which means ‘resistance’, and can also mean ‘ram’. Wid-Ar comes under the zodiacal constellation of Aries the Ram which is around March - April, covering the Spring Equinox as we have already stated. This also links him to Hama-Heimdall who is associated with the Ram and with Aries. There may also be a link to the pairing of Wudga and Hama, Wudga is the Witega of German Legend. Here is another link to this god as a god of foresight, seeing and wisdom, since the Old English witega refers to a ‘seer’ or ‘prophet’.

Certain German words related to 'widder' mean 'to return' and when we use the term 'widdershins' it means 'returning' rather than just 'anti-clockwise' or 'backwards'. This widdershins Swastika is thus the Swastika of Return. This is 'He Who Returns' - the god who returns at the start of a new Cosmic Cycle, as the Manu of the coming cycle. 

Wid-Ar is usually seen as slaying the Fenris Wolf by ripping open the jaws of the wolf, but in another account he plunges a weapon into the heart of the wolf. The term ‘sword’ is not used for this but is usually taken to be so, though the weapon could have been a spear. Widukind is usually seen as wielding a spear.

The ‘Greater Wolf’s Jaws’ are an Old Saxon constellation which centred around Andromeda, and the semi-circle of stars from Pegasus to Cygnus the Swan. The Greater Wolf’s Jaws faces across at the Pole Star, threatening the stability of the Cosmos; it also centres round the Dark Rift which is the ‘womb’ of the Milky Way and the Galactic Centre.
We have seen how Dumezil linked Wid-Ar to vertical space and horizontal space, and this may well be true in view of his being born of the giantess Grid, for a ‘grid’ is made up of vertical and horizontal lines. Indeed, the ‘grid’ seems to be associated with the Dragon Force that pulses through what is usually called the ‘Ley-Lines or Dragon-Lines.

We can compare Wid-Ar with the Egyptian god named Horus (Greek) or Heru (Egyptian). Horus is a ‘God of Silence’ (shown on the cover) and a ‘God of Vengeance’ (he avenges the death of his father). We must first look at the Myth of Horus in order to further understand the nature of Wid-Ar, and to understand his role as ‘The Avenger’.

There are various different accounts of the ‘Royal Myth’ which concerns Horus and Set, and the form varies considerably within these. The one account that is favoured over the others has Set slaying his brother Osiris, and Horus being born to avenge his father. This is the one that we shall look at here.

Osiris is slain by his brother Set whose name is perhaps related to ‘Surt’ meaning ‘Black’ and who is a desert-god whose role is rather destructive; he is sometimes seen as being linked to Apophis the Destroyer who is the enemy of Ma’at (Cosmic Order). Osiris is a culture-hero who brings the arts of agriculture, just like Scef, and who is usually associated with the constellation of Orion the Hunter.

In this main account Set binds Osiris and slays him, cutting his body into 14 pieces which are scattered across the land of Egypt. Isis and Nephthys, sisters of Osiris, mourn his death and Isis searches far and wide to find the 14 pieces of Osiris which have been scattered around the land. In the name of Nut, mother of Osiris, Isis revives her brother with various magical incantations. Isis places herself upon the Phallus of Osiris and is impregnated with his seed, from which is produced the son Horus who ‘was in Sothis’, this being the Greek name for Sirius which in Egyptian was ‘Sepdet’ which means ‘The Pointed One’.

In the battle between Horus and Set, Horus loses his eyes and Set his testacles, both regaining these afterwards. Horus gives his lost eye, now regained, back to Osiris that he ‘may become mighty before the Glorious Ones’. The Eye of Horus’, given to Osiris, is called the ‘Opener of the Way’. In this Horus, like Woden, sacrifices an eye, Horus to Osiris and Woden to Mimir. Osiris is avenged by Horus through the slaying of Set.

There are certain things that we should remember here, for Horus the Child is just one aspect of the figure known as Horus, for before the coming of Menes (who is Manu who appears prior to the Great Flood) an ancient master-race known as the Shemsu Hor (‘Followers of Horus’) ruled over Egypt. This dates back to pre-dynastic times and is an extremely ancient legend. The figure of Horus appears to be very like that of The Divine Fool since his father is slain by his uncle, and it is he who avenges the father. The Eye of Horus is a very strong symbol in Egypt and its connection to Woden is obvious.

It is also very important to note that Set is shorn of his testacles, i.e. he is made barren and unable to procreate. This is similar to the figure of Amfortas who is wounded in the ‘thigh’, and also to certain types of ‘Satanic’ figure who are ‘clipped’ between the thighs. In another version of the ‘Royal Myth’ Set is seen to be ‘from the marshes’ whereas Horus is the ‘Divine Child’ with the Sun-Disc on his forehead. There is also something that I discovered whilst studying the subject of Horus and Set, and that fits into symbolism used for the closing ceremony of the 2012 ‘Olympic Games’. In this account Set shape-changes into a hippopotamus which is the animal seen being ridden by ‘Britannia’ in the 2012 propaganda. It would seem obvious that the Occult Forces that were behind this propaganda linked their work to the god Set who the Egyptians saw as being the Lord of Chaos and Destruction. This is perhaps paralleled by the figure of Set being linked to an ass which was the steed of ‘Jesus’ and always symbolic of the downtrodden ‘masses’.

We have already seen how Set was equated with the ‘marshes’ and it is thus interesting to note that the Fenris Wolf can be seen as the ‘Wolf of the Fens’ or ‘marshes’. If we see the symbolism of the hippopotamus (Set) being ridden by ‘Britannia’ then perhaps we can see the triumph of Set over ‘Woden’s Isle’ (Merlin’s Isle). Or put another way the ‘Wolf of the Fens’ devouring the god Woden!

Woden is the ancient God of our Folk, and his so-called ‘death’ at the hands of the Fenris Wolf is in reality the key to his resurrection in a young and virile form. The ‘ageing god’ Woden is resurrected as his son, Wid-Ar the Avenger. The Spirit of Woden has been reborn in the form of his son Wid-Ar the Avenger, a young warrior-god and as strong and mighty as the god Thunor. This is a very ancient archetype that appears in times of cosmic destruction; Dumezil equates him with Vishnu which is interesting to us in that Vishnu is the one god that incarnates upon earth as an avatar at various times during the Cycle of the Ages. It is the god Woden who incarnates upon Earth in the guise of his son, Wid-Ar who is the Avenging God and the Last Avatar known by the Hindus as the Kalki Avatar and by Wodenists as HelgiH the Cosmic Spirit 88.

It would seem clear that this symbolism of the god Woden being slain and resurrected would have to be played out in the Cosmic Myth as an Archetypal Myth prior to the resurrection of Wid-Ar the Avenger. In an ancient Egyptian Ritual an iron ritual tool is used to rip open the jaws of the dead Pharaoh; this ritual is designed to allow the spirit of the Pharaoh (who represents Osiris) to escape and become a 'star', the spirit being resurrected as Horus the Avenger. Here we can see the same 'ritual' in the ripping open of the Wolf's Jaws by Wid-Ar, allowing the Spirit of Woden to escape and thus resurrect within his son.

In the Norse Eddas Snorri Sturlasson equates Wid-Ar with Aeneas which is very interesting. It has to be said that Snorri makes the Norse Gods into humans and equates them with Troy. It was very fashionable at one time to feel that Troy was the cradle of various royal lines, but we cannot dismiss all of these accounts as being false. What we need to remember is that Troy fell at the hands of the Greeks and as in many other defeats there would have been a number of survivors who escaped and wandered into other lands, seeking later fame for themselves and their race. This could certainly have happened with the defeat of Troy.

What is interesting in Snorri’s seeing Wid-Ar as the Greek Aeneas is that this Trojan Hero was the son of the goddess Aphrodite (Venus) and escaped the flames of Troy carrying his blind father, leading his own war-band to wander through various lands until they reached Italy. According to Virgil (‘The Aenead’) the descendants of Aeneas were Romulus and Remus who were the founders of Rome, and had the Wolf as their Tribal Totem. The Roman Empire, according to this account, was a direct descendant of the Trojans under Aeneas. We cannot tell how much truth there is in this, nor in Snorri’s assertions.

In the Vedic Tradition there is the triple-godhead of Brahma (Creator), Vishnu (Preserver) and Rudra-Shiva (Destroyer) and if Wid-Ar is the equivalent of Vishnu then he comes as the ‘preserver’ and as the Kalki Avatar in his final incarnation of this cycle. We can see from this that Wid-Ar is not a ‘minor’ god of any kind, nor is he a god of some future age, for he is Woden reborn into his ‘Son’ the ‘Son of the Sun’.

In one aspect Wid-Ar is The Hidden God which relates to HelgiH who is The Hallowed One and The Hidden One. He is the god that at this time is ‘hidden’ from view and whose ‘silence’ is like the calm before the storm ready to break upon the world like a hurricane. He is the God of Resistance whose symbol is the Wolf-Hook Rune which is the Symbol of Resistance